I’m sure you’ve seen all over your newsfeeds about the atrocities taking place in Sudan, but I wanted to give a more in-depth explanation. This blog post will give an overview of the situation. The following blogs will give a more in-depth understanding of the history of Sudan, and what has happened since the protests turned violent. I will also discuss what the world is doing about Sudan, and a comparison to other events which have sparked worldwide attention, as well as similar massacres and the world’s reactions. I will also allude to why a lot of countries haven’t intervened.
Let’s start with the basic facts first.
6 months ago back in December 2018, Omar Al-Bashir, who had been the President of Sudan since 1989 (the past 30 years) was still in charge. His government began making cuts to bread and fuel in December, stopped people from taking money out and increased the price of food and amenities. Naturally, the people of Sudan were angry about this, as we would be if our governments did the same. This anger spread to the capital, Khartoum. Initially, the protests were due to the cuts, but they turned into protests to remove Bashir and the government in place. There were multiple reasons for this, ultimately he was not a good President. I will explain this further in the next blog posts. The people of Sudan wanted, and are entitled to, a fair civilian government. By April the demonstrators demanded that the army physically force Bashir to leave, which appeared to be successful as a few days later he had been overthrown. Since then, Sudan has been controlled by a military council. The military and the protestors came to an agreement which would allow a three-year period for the country to come under civilian rule. This was largely due to the complexities of Bashir’s government and political network. To the people of Sudan, this looked like the power was being handed back to the people, with democratic elections.
But then security forces began shooting innocent protestors that were outside the military’s headquarters in Khartoum. These forces are the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) militia, known as the “Janjaweed”. This is all during the holy month of Ramadan. There is an estimated 100 plus dead, with over 650 injured (please note that these numbers are an estimation based on internet reports, there is no way to be sure). Hundreds have also been arrested and detained. This all appeared to be for absolutely no reason. The three-year agreement was also scrapped and they claimed that new elections would now take place in 9 months. Innocent people are being killed and suppressed, for what? These people have only ever wanted a better life, for Sudan and their families.
Every day the death toll is rising, what is anybody doing about it?
Women are being raped. People are being killed in the streets. They are burning bodies, throwing them in the river Nile as if their lives are nothing. They are mentally and physically tormenting people. They stopped Muslim people from going to Eid prayer. The streets are being looted. There is no internet and a ruthless crackdown on dissent. It is our responsibility to share their torment for them.
The African Union voted to suspend Sudan
The U.S. is sending a top diplomat to Sudan to encourage talks
Egypt, an ally of Sudan, has been slow to respond. Its president is also head of the African Union
The United Arab Emirates have described what has happened as a ‘massacre’ and have called for an investigation
Saudi Arabia, who provides economic aid to Sudan, has been slow to respond
The European Union has condemned the Sudanese military
But does any of this sound like real action?
These were the initial reactions of the world. Since then we still don’t seem to have any action from the world’s governments.
Where are the United Nations?
Why is no one helping?
Again, it is down to us to share what is happening in Sudan, and campaign for help, in a time where they cannot.
Sudan, the world is listening.